Real Estate Development Project – Better way to Envisage Your Project’s Future. How? 4 Graphs are Enough to Illustrate!

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Real Estate, Real Estate Development Project, Cost Estimates, Schedule, Construction, Skilled Labor, Construction Equipment, Site Development, House Construction, Bricks, Facilities Development, Landscape, occupational HSE, Camp Site, Bulk Material, Decision Making Under Uncertainty, time-phased cost, Cost breakdown, Direct Cost, Owner Cost, Freight, Fixed Cost, Schedule constraint, Calendar, Activity Sequence, Risk Identification, Uncertainty, Risk Register, Risk Mapping


While there are many reasons why you might plan to develop a real estate development project, it’s important to understand the many pitfalls that can lead to failure. 

The Risk identification is important and crucial for mega complex construction projects. In this project (case study) the top three (3) risks are:

1- Unavailability of the Skilled labor.

2- Unavailability of Construction Equipment.

3- Delay in Delivery of Bulk Material

Additionally, occupational HSE can be a showstopper. Estimate at Completion (EAC) and Estimate to Complete (ETC) are crucial to know not only for Project Sponsor, but also for the Investors. Each penny counts!


For real estate development project, construction processes are a complex interplay of multiple sub-projects that must be carefully coordinated to ensure successful completion. Fortunately, there are planning steps you can take to streamline the mega complex construction project. This article will give you some tips and tricks for real estate construction project.

How much will the new construction of your new real estate development project cost? This is probably one of the most common questions that you’ll be asked by the client or investors. The answer will vary based on several circumstances, such as location, size, complexity, development area and whether you are doing any custom work.

The number-one problem for new real estate development projects is that they fail to achieve their financial goals. With this article, we’ll give you the planning tips you need to succeed when it comes to real estate development project.

Mega Complex Real Estate Development Project Analysis conducted by GleeYM
Pic. 1 - Real Estate Mega Complex Construction Project

Case Study

While there are many reasons why you might plan to develop a real estate development project, it’s important to understand the many pitfalls that can lead to failure.

Real Estate Project by GleeyM
Pic. 2 - Real Estate Development

Project is to develop villas in two (2) phases. Project duration is 1102 days; project completion date is 26-5-2025. Cost estimates are $1.12 B. Schedule is:

Pic. 3 - Real Estate Development Project Schedule

Cost Elements are: 

1- Direct Cost

2- Other Direct Costs

3- Services

4- Owner Cost

Top Risks

    1. External communication issues
    2. Internal communication issues
    3. Design specification change
    4. Subcontractor enters liquidation
    5. Delayed LLI
    6. Frequent Change Request
    7. Unavailability of Construction Equipment
    8. Unavailability of Skilled Labor
    9. Delay in Delivery of Bulk Material
    10. Occupational HSE Issues on Site

Risks and uncertainties were mapped to the activities before performing Monte Carlo Simulation. 

The question is how risks were identified? Answer: The Risk identification is an iterative process. Mostly, Risks are identified in an Interactive way by facilitating Workshop, i.e., Risk workshop. 

Visit Following link for Workshop Facilitation:

Workshop Facilitation

GleeYM Offers Workshop Facilitation to help you to make the best decisions for your business and projects.

Decision Making Under Uncertainty

Q1 – What are the chances that the real estate development project will complete on deterministic schedule and time?
Schedule Risk Analysis Conducted by the GleeYM
Graph 1 - Probability Distribution Graph for a Schedule

The deterministic project completion date is 26-05-2025. There is only 1% chance to meet the deterministic completion date. There is a 50% (Mean) chance that the project will complete on 11-03-2026 i.e., there will be an additional 257 days more required to complete the project. However, there is 80% chance that the project will be completed on 17-11-26 i.e., 251 days more.  

Project Cost Risk Analysis performed by the GleeYM
Graph 2 - Probability Distribution Graph for a Project Cost

The deterministic project cost estimate  is $ 1.12 B. There is only 2% chance to meet the deterministic project cost. There is a 50% (Mean) chance that the project cost will be $ 222.3 M extra.  However, there is 80% chance that the project cost will be an additional $ 228.5 M required to complete the project.  

Q2 – What will be the probabilistic cash flow (PCF) for a Real Estate Development Project?

The PCF is a Time-phased Cash Flow. The Probabilistic Cash Flow (PCF) is helpful to understand the project expense during each specified period. Cash flow curves encompassing optimistic and pessimistic values. The given below graph is self-explanatory:

PCF performed by the GleeyM
Graph 3 - Time-Phased Cash Flow - Probabilistic Cash Flow (PCF)
Q3 – Why Time-phased cost estimate is important?

The Time-phased cost estimate is providing cash flow visibility. Under services (Cost WBS), the deterministic Project Management Team (PMT) cost is estimated $ 65 M.  The Project Management team (PMT) cost, usually falls under “Owners Cost”, is responsible for managing a project throughout the project life cycle. 

Question: What if the cost of PMT in case of project delay?

Cost of PMT performed by the GleeYM
Graph 4 - Time-phased Cost of PMT

There is 50% (Mean) chance that the PMT cost will be $10.99 M more. However, the 80% chance that the PMT cost will be additional $ 12.92 M. Remember every Penny counts! 


The Real Estate Development mega complex projects delayed in general. It is beneficial to plan well and forecast probabilistic project schedule and cost estimates for decision making under uncertainty, i.e., Risk-based Decision Making.

Note: Weather Risk was not considered in this case study.

Quantitative Risk Analysis

GleeyM Offer services to identify risks and perform Quantitative Schedule Risk Analysis (QSRA) and Quantitative Cost Risk Analysis (QCRA) for mega complex projects!

Unique Services for Software Selection and Implementation

GleeYM can help you with a valuable service to pick and incorporate risk management software for decision making and meeting strategic goals!

Mind Maps for Business Profitability

Want to tell your story in a creative and memorable way? Well, the GleeYM can help you.

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